Technology Facilitated Sexual Violence and Harassment (TFSV)

Technology facilitated sexual violence and harassment (TFSV) indexes a range of behaviors using or aided by various digital technologies to harm, offend, humiliate, or intimidate women and other individuals. Some examples of TFSV include but are not limited to: sexual voyeurism, “non-consensual sexting” (sending unwanted and sexually explicit content), and “sextortion” (threats and coercion related to non-consensual distribution of nude and intimate images).

Find out more about TFSV in Singapore here:

Find out more about examples of TFSV here:

TFSV Cases in Singapore

Watch AWARE’s TFSV panel here.

Read about it here.

Web and Media Articles:

AWARE. 2020. “AWARE’s Sexual Assault Care Centre saw 140 cases of technology-facilitated sexual violence in 2019, the most ever in one year.” Last Modified December 2. 

Chai, Amanda. 2020. “Finding strength to deal with online sexual violence.” The Straits Times, March 8. 

Kok, Yufeng. 2020. “Cases of unwanted sex texts, calls at workplace soar in 2016-2019: Aware.” The Straits Times, December 3. 

Tan, Tam Mei. 2019. “Tech-enabled sexual violence cases almost triple since 2016, says Aware.” The Straits Times, November 25. 

Reports and Academic Studies:

Vitis, Laura, Anisha Joseph, and Divya Mahadevan. 2017. Technology and Sexual Violence: SACC Summary Report Singapore: AWARE.

Vitis, Laura. 2020a. “Media representations of camera sexual voyeurism in Singapore: A medicalised, externalised and community problem.”  Feminist Media Studies. Advance online publication.

Vitis, Laura. 2020b. “Private, Hidden and Obscured: Image-Based Sexual Abuse in Singapore.”  Asian Journal of Criminology 15 (1):24-43.

TFSV in a Transnational Context

Web and Media Articles:

Flynn, Asher. 2020. “Examining the extent, nature and impact of tech-facilitated abuse.” Last Modified September 14. 

Gillett, Rosalie, and Nicolas Suzor. 2020. “Tinder fails to protect women from abuse. But when we brush off ‘dick pics’ as a laugh, so do we.” The Conversation, October 13.

O’Shea, Ellen. 2021. “Consent and sexual violence tackled in new report.”, March 24. 

UN Women. 2020. Online and ICT facilitated violence against women and girls during COVID-19.

Reports and Academic Studies:

Henry, Nicola, Asher Flynn, and Anastasia Powell. 2019. Image-based sexual abuse: Victims and perpetrators. Australian Institute of Criminology.

Powell, Anastasia, and Nicola Henry. 2014. “Blurred Lines? Responding to ‘Sexting’ and Gender-based Violence among Young People.”  Children Australia 39 (2):119-124.

Powell, Anastasia, Nicola Henry, Asher Flynn, and Adrian J. Scott. 2019. “Image-based sexual abuse: The extent, nature, and predictors of perpetration in a community sample of Australian residents.”  Computers in Human Behavior 92 :393-402.

Technology Safety and Digital Well-being

Web and Media Articles:

Technology Safety. “Technology & Sexual Assault.” 

VAWnet. “Tech Safety and Privacy for Survivors.” 

WESNET. “Women’s Technology Safety & Privacy Toolkit.”

Reports and Academic Studies:

Burr, C., & Floridi, L. (Eds.) (2020). Ethics of Digital Well-Being: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Springer.